Poirel Nicolas

Professeur

Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Éducation de l'enfant (LaPsyDÉ), UMR CNRS 8240
Email : nicolas.poirel@parisdescartes.fr
Page personnelle du laboratoire
 

Thèmes de Recherche :

My main topic of research is the flexibility of global and local visual processes in children and adults. Global perception consists to perceive the whole visual scene whereas local processing refers to paying attention to the elements present in the scene. I have demonstrated that children shift from a preference for local visual information to an adult-like preference for global visual information. The transition in visual preference occurs around 6 years of age. Using experimental psychology and brain imaging techniques, I have found that object identification and/or emotional context strongly influenced these processes, even at lower levels of the visual system (e.g., primary visual areas). Moreover, these factors could reduce in certain instance the global preference of adults and affect local/globalvisual processing in children. Taken together, these results suggest that one always looks for the meaning of a scene when perceiving the visual world.
 

Publications significatives :

  • Krakowski, C.-S., Borst, G., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Poirel, N. (2015). You can detect the trees as well as the forest when adding the leaves: Evidence from visual search tasks containing three-level hierarchical stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 157, 131-143.
  • Agogué, M., Kazakçi, A., Hatchuel, A., Le Masson, P., Weil, B., Poirel, N., & Cassotti, M. (2014). The impact of type of examples on originality: Explaining fixation and stimulation effects. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 48, 1-12.
  • Poirel, N., Krakowski, C.-S., Sayah, S., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2014). Do you want to see the tree? Ignore the forest. Inhibitory control during local processing: A negative priming study of local-global processing. Experimental Psychology, 61, 205-214.
  • Poirel, N., Leroux, E., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Simon, G. (2014). Changes in cortical thickness in 6-year-old children open their mind to a global vision of the world. BioMed Research International, 2014:362349. doi: 10.1155/2014/362349.
  • Beaucousin, V., Simon, G., Cassotti, M., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Poirel, N. (2013). Global interference during early visual processing: ERP evidence from a rapid global/local selective task. Frontiers in psychology, 4:539. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00539.

 

Doctorant(e)s encadré(e)s 2016 - 2017 :

  1. Anaëlle Camarda (co-direction Mathieu Cassotti) (Contrat Doctoral) - 3ème année